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DID YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT AND FOUND THAT ELECTRICITY IN YOUR PACKHOUSE/COLDSTORE IS YOUR GREATEST EMISSION SOURCE & COST? Use this free online assessment funded by the Post Harvest Innovation Programme to better understand the benefits and viability of a PV solar energy system for your packhouse/coldstore.

THE CCC TRAINING WORKSHOPS for 2013 are now finished and the project team is busy with data review. The 2014 programme is under construction and will be advertised shortly.
Please contact the project team if you would like to find out when we'll be coming to your region

Welcome to the South African Fruit and Wine Industry Initiative project website.

Climate change is predicted to directly impact South Africa's mean annual temperature and rainfall ranges, influencing pest and disease distributions, flowering and fruiting seasons, and ground water resources. Climate change also impacts indirectly, through the growing awareness amongst consumers and the corresponding demand for carbon-efficient business processes. The agricultural sector is a large source of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through activities such as land-use change, agrochemical application and fossil fuel use. In addition, South Africa's energy supply is large coal-based, and this means that when compared to our competitive agricultural exporting nations which utilize more renewable energy sources, our carbon footprint for is large.

On the positive side, the sector is highlighted as offering significant mitigation potential through the promotion of conservation farming techniques and technologies which increase the carbon sequestration of land-use based practices. What is needed is an understanding of the current greenhouse gas emissions that result from agri-production and processing activities, and how best to reduce these while maintaining product quality and quantity. That is the purpose of this project, which aims to be interactive and informative to provide the users, like yourself, with the information you need to undertake a carbon footprint audit, understand what the results mean, and recommend actions you can take to improve the carbon efficiency of your systems.

The Greening Game: Where do the risks and opportunities exist within your supply chain?

Take part in the carbon 
and see what your profile looks like.

Doing a carbon footprint is much more than putting a label on your product; it's about evaluating where your major energy requirements are, where the GHG emission hotspots are within your supply chain, and understanding how to become more efficient through all your business processes. With electricity tariff hikes a reality and a governmental GHG monitoring plan imminent, those who use their initiative and are early actors in this area will be better prepared for any mandatory requirements in the future and will have sustainable business practices embedded in their businesses that will secure their place in the market going forward.


The Winetech Energy Management Guidelines has been released in Draft format and the project team is calling for all industry members to please review the document and provide feedback
November 2013

The guidelines are based on the principles of the ISO 50001 standard for Energy Management Systems and draws on energy guidelines from other wine industries such as Australia, the US, the EU and England. The practical examples provide local context and were derived from energy audits conducted at various wineries in the Western Cape.

The project is funded by Winetech and is being managed by the Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies at the University of Stellenbosch. Click here to find out more:

Or contact the project leader Prof Alan Brent

IPCC Fifth Assessment report from Working Group 1 (Physical Science Basis) - Summary for Policy Makers Reports released November 2013
November 2013

The report has been much anticipated and follows on from the Fourth IPCCC Assessment report which was released in 2007. It states that with > 95% certainty that human influsence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.

Natural internal variability and natural external forcings (e.g. the sun) have contributed virtually nothing to the warming since 1950 – the share of these factors was narrowed down by IPCC to ± 0.1 degrees. The report also states that the last 30 years have been the warmest in the last 1,400 years and that future warming by 2100 is most likely a 4 °C temperature increase. The Headline of Statements is available here and the full report is available here. The rest of the Working Groups reports will be released and accepted in the coming months moving in to 2014, with the final Summary report to be accepted at the Copenhagen COP in December 2014.

November 2013

When is it coming in to play?

There are two phases to implementation of the carbon tax. The first phase is from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2019 and excludes agriculture, forestry, land use and waste industries. Phase two runs from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2025 and will see a revised tax rate and the inclusion of previously excluded sectors, among other changes.


Imagine our Future - "South Africa 2035"
November 2013

Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership have just launched an animated 10 minute video "South Africa 2035". It is based on a dialogue held at COP17 in Durban in December 2011, in which two of our Senior Associates, Anton Cartwright and Peet du Plooy "returned" from 2035 to tell us what it was like living in South Africa then. It was both optimistic and thought provoking and a broadcaster who attended it said afterwards: "That was probably the most creative, inspiring event I've ever attended." Tragically, Peet du Plooy was killed in his house in March this year, so we decided to make this animated video as a tribute to his generosity of mind and spirit.

Thesis: Opportunities to Reduce Water and Carbon Footprints of Western Cape Produce - A focus on irrigation
November 2013

Mark Dryden & Victoria Campbell - Department of Chemical Engineering Supervisors: Harro von Blottnitz & Lauren Basson of the Environmental Process Systems Engineering

Full thesis available here

Global carbon dioxide in atmosphere passes milestone level
May 2013

Climate warming greenhouse gas reaches 400 parts per million for the first time in human history

For the first time in human history, the concentration of climate-warming carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has passed the milestone level of 400 parts per million (ppm). The last time so much greenhouse gas was in the air was several million years ago, when the Arctic was ice-free, savannah spread across the Sahara desert and sea level was up to 40 metres higher than today.

Authour: Damian Carrington - Guardian UK - May


May 2013

In May the National Treasury released the carbon tax policy paper for South Africa, which outlines the details of a proposed Carbon Tax for South Africa that is expected to be implemented from January 1, 2015. The public has been invited to provide comment on the policy paper and submit their comments by the 2nd August 2013 deadline

In summary, the proposed carbon tax rate is set at R120 per tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), which after the tax-free threshold and additional tax relief measures are taken in account, equates to between R12 and R48/tCO2e depending on the sector concerned. This carbon tax rate is proposed to increase at a rate of 10% per annum. The only two sectors to be exempt in the first phase of the tax are agriculture and waste. It is expected that these sectors will be included in Phase 2 of the tax period, from 2020.


The CCC carbon footprinting tool has been independently audited by the Carbon Trust who have recognized the tool as being a reliable and credible resource for companies that make up the supply chains of the South African fruit and wine industry to measure the carbon footprints of their products.

5 completed footprints for the
   Sunday's River region.

8 completed footprints for the
   Cederberg / Olifants River region.

45 completed footprints for the
   Berg River region.

This project is truly a collaboration of all the players in the industry and its success relies on the active involvement of the industry representatives. This is not just another mandatory requirement for exporting purposes- the value lies in the user undertaking the carbon footprinting exercise to gain an understanding of their GHG emission profile through their section of the supply chain, and what it means in terms of efficiency opportunities or potential financial risk going forward.

Please do not hesitate to contact the project team, or your industry representative if you have any comments, suggestions or questions. We are looking forward to hearing from you.

Project Co-ordinator: Hugh Campbell
Tel: 021 882 8470, Email:

Project Manager: Anel Blignaut

Increased severity of drought is predicted to be one of the major impacts of climate change to the agricultural sector in South Africa, particularly within the Western Cape, the major fruit & wine region.


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